In Moscow, in the December Uprising Park, there is a bronze sculpture called "Cobblestone - the weapon of the proletariat." It was created by Russian and Soviet sculptor Ivan Dmitrievich Shadr, who worked at the intersection of two eras. This work is one of the best examples of realism of the Soviet period. The sculpture is a collective image of the representative of the proletariat, ready to fight its oppressors.
Ilya Ivanovich Mashkov studied with famous artists of that time - Korovin and Serov. With an exceptional ability to color, the artist painted magnificent, vibrant and expressive still lifes. In his paintings, Mashkov actively used textured and color techniques, with which he conveyed the existence of specific objects in their own created environment.
The triptych was commissioned by the artist in the year of World War II, when the theme of opposing the invader was central to art. The soldiers going to the front were inspired by him. The rear guards, providing the soldiers with food, weapons and clothing, also found solace in it. "Alexander Nevsky" was written under reports from the front, to the roar of anti-aircraft guns, under the bright light of the searchlights cutting the sky.
The picture shows a typical day in the life of ordinary people. The foreground is distinguished by bright, almost shining colors, and it depicts a woman, a child, a trough with soapy water, a three-colored cat, dormant, holding its paws under it. The picture is almost idealistic - the mother works, and this work is so familiar to her that you don’t need to look at your own hands, they already know what to do.
Botticelli created a grandiose picture that simply cannot but impress. It depicts a dramatic scene of the Annunciation. There are strict rectangles on the floor, the division of the walls is also verified. The archangel has just flown to Mary. We feel the movement, which is not stopped. He knelt. Madonna and Archangel fly towards each other.
Hals is a great Dutch artist who during his lifetime was still a rowdy. His case was one in which a genius does not value his genius at all, likes to hang around in taverns, fall asleep in unexpected places and wake up from a bucket of water on his head, but this does not become less talented or less revered.
At this time, Lermontov was just in exile. He created a vivid self-portrait. We see a man dressed in the uniform of a regiment of dragoons. Characteristic red collar, spectacular epaulettes, cloak and invariable checker. Lermontov portrayed himself knee-deep. A cloak is thrown over one of his shoulders. Right behind it is the virgin nature of the Caucasus.
Gustave Courbet's work is dedicated to his grandfather, after the funeral of which, the artist dawns on the idea of capturing this event on canvas. Many of those present were eager to be in the picture. And so it happened. As the artist said afterwards, it was very difficult to place so many people in his small workshop.
Lentulov in his time was affectionately called the Russian futurist, and in many ways this was true. His works, going beyond the scope of paintings, characterized by strong dynamics and problems incomprehensible to the general public, bore all the imprints of futurism to be considered to belong to this movement.
Ivan Bilibin was able to turn book illustrations into real art, confirmation of which was one of his works. The painting entitled "Feast at Prince Gwidon" is known to everyone since childhood. Getting acquainted with the work of Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin, young inquisitive minds had the opportunity to get closer to the work of another brilliant master.
In 1921, the Russian artist Kustodiev was already bedridden due to a serious illness. But the painting "Spring" written by him during this period looks like a real anthem of cheerfulness. Bright, pastel, like sweet and sugar-powdered houses, heaven and earth, people and animals - everything in the picture is an embodiment of a sweet childhood dream.
Ribera is an Italian artist from Spain who worked in the realistic genre of graphics and painting. His favorite topic was religious subjects and portraits of his contemporaries. “The Lap” - the canvas painted by the artist in 1642. The figure of a little boy is depicted on it - a beggar and a cripple. The disfigured barefoot right foot seemed to be deliberately displayed.
For many years, Tolstoy and Repin had a tender, warm friendship, despite the fact that they did not agree on many issues and often argued heatedly, causing others to feel that they were quarreling. In fact, when confronted by the points of view, friends found a common solution, got to know each other better, or simply practiced wit, thus entertaining each other.
Dmitry Grigoryevich Levitsky, who lived during the time of Catherine II, was a master of the so-called “ceremonial portraits”, where models were depicted in all the splendor of ceremonial clothes and regalia. In such works, everything was carefully verified - both the pose of the person portrayed, and the look, and the costume, and, of course, the background. As for the expressiveness of the model’s face, it was impossible to pay much attention to conveying the real nature of the person you are painting.
Kiprensky painted this portrait quickly enough. At this time, Zhukovsky was just about to leave for sunlit Italy. Researchers say that this picture was not completed. The customer specifically asked not to finish the left hand. This was done in order to convey inspiration and creative impulse.
Many artists emphasized a person’s craving from darkness to enlightenment. Naturally, this was expressed on the canvas a little differently than the meaning required. One of these paintings is the creation of Friedrich Caspar, "Two Contemplating the Moon." The work emphasizes, if not aspiration, then interest in something unknown, bright, but definitely necessary.
Orest Adamovich Kiprensky painted a portrait of Davydov in 1809, when the war with Napoleon was just beginning. This picture is a reflection of the poetic cult of the brave and strong hero who was at that time dominant, ready to give his soul for his homeland. The portrait is associated with Denis Davydov because of his fame, although it follows from the signature that this is Ev.
This mural is considered the best. Sometimes it is called “Submit.” Masaccio took this episode from the Gospel. Christ traveled with his apostles to different cities. One day they come to Caperanum. Before entering, it was required to pay only one statir. But those who came had no money at all. Christ gave the order to Peter.
In 1608, the artist Caravaggio, while in Messina, makes acquaintance with a noble merchant. A wealthy merchant orders him a picture on a free topic. The painter chose the biblical story of the resurrection of Lazarus for the canvas. A dark cave, several men hold the body, which had been lying in the coffin for four days earlier.
The picture depicts the phenomenon of a miracle. When the early Christians spread their faith around the world, it often happened that the Gentiles did not want to listen to them. So one of the young apostles fell into the hands of a cruel king, who laughed at him and sentenced him to a quarter. However, when they undertook to carry out the sentence, it turned out that the body of the young man became invulnerable to axes and the executioners believed in fright.
Madonna with a flower Leonardo Da Vinci portrayed at a young age. At this time, his paintings were influenced by the work of Verrocchio, who was his teacher. This is the first independent creation of the artist. A contemporary noted an expressive detail. Da Vinci depicts a decanter with water. He managed to convey the sweaty water as realistically as possible.